The genre of science fiction is an exciting one, and it allows writers to unleash their creativity beyond the bounds of conventional literature. You can create your own world, populated by creatures born of your imagination. However, you also have to be able to create a believable, engaging story.
Even though science fiction writing is different from many other genres, there are some set rules you must follow in order to be successful.
Don't ask too much of your readers. Suspension of disbelief is one of the fun parts of reading science fiction, but if you go too far, your readers will not be able to keep up. You have to create a fanciful scenario rooted in reality.
Pick the right theme. The genre of science fiction can include many theme elements, such as mystery, quest, or adventure. In order to make your story believable, it must have a central theme working within the genre. Quite often, the quest format is used in this genre because readers are used to it, and it works well with this particular form of writing. You cannot write a rambling science fiction story with no point – you must have a theme to carry it through from beginning to end.
Create likeable, relatable characters. A middle aged man relating to an alien being from the planet Sornac may seem incongruous; however, you can use character development to create the link. Your characters may be from another world, and they may not resemble anything human, but they need to be human at their core. They need to have failings and strengths. To put it simply, your characters need to be real, even if they live in an altered reality.